Annual CD/T & BoSe Injections for Goats (2024)

Annual CD/T & BoSe Injections for Goats (1)CD/T & BoSe injections (shots) for goats are the three typically needed annually for adults.

The CD/T injections are usually combined into one shot and are given to prevent enterotoxemia (the CD part) and tetanus (the T part). BoSe shots are administered to prevent selenium deficiency for goats living in selenium-deficient areas of the country.

Here are the basics to know about these vaccinations for goats (skip to the last paragraph if you don’t want to know all the details (restrictions) on drugs for food-producing animals):

What Do These CD/T & BoSe Injections for Goats Do?

The CD/T shot is made up of:

Tetanus toxoid– provides long termprotection against tetanus (deadly if untreated) which is caused when a wound becomes infected with tetanus bacteria (these bacteria live in all soil).

Enterotoxemia vaccination– enterotoxemiais a condition where bacteria that are normally present in the goat intestinal tract grow uncontrollably.

It occurs when movement of food through the intestines slows because of overeating of grain, spring pasture, milk, or milk replacer. It often occurs in spring after goats bloat from eating too much new spring growth and is commonly referred to as “overeating” disease (also deadly if untreated).

BoSe– this is a selenium and vitamin E booster commonly given to goats residing in selenium-deficient areas. It is necessary to maintain muscle tone in adults and prevent “white muscle disease” in kids.

Bottles of commercially available Bo-Se and CD/T

Where Do You Obtain CD/T & BoSe Injectables?

In order to answer this, you need to know about drugs for food-producing animals:

There are two categories of drug types:

Over-the-Counter (OTC): Available without a prescription and can be found at animal or farm supply stores/on-line.

Prescription (Rx): Used when a proper diagnosis and special instructions are needed. Rx drugs are restricted by federal law to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian (these drugs can be purchased from an animal supply store, but must have a copy of a veterinarian’s prescription).

And there are three categories of drug usage (and these pertain to both OTC and Rx drugs):

Legal: Owner follows ALL directions on the label of the medication.

Off-label: Owner deviates from label direction in any way. Off-label use of drugs is ALWAYS illegal!

Extra-Label Drug Use (ELDU): Under direction from a licensed veterinarian and owner may deviate from label directions.

Annual CD/T & BoSe Injections for Goats (3)

Playing Goats

ELDUoccurs any time that

1) a non-approved product is used;

2) an approved product is used in a way that differs from the label, or

3) a product is used for a condition not specified on the label.

For ELDU, there must bean established Veterinarian-Client-Patient Relationship (VCPR), determined by:

1) veterinarian has seen the animal or others in the same herdand can make decisions regarding an animal’s treatment;

2) client follows the treatment instructions;

3) the veterinarian calculates a reasonable withdrawal time, and

4) the veterinarian is available for follow-up.

The distinctions for ELDU are important because most of the products developed and labeled for livestock have not been tested on goats and have not been FDA-approved for use. Because of the small number of goats in the US, most companies can’t justify the costs required to test their products on goats, so using them legally falls under “ELDU” requirements.

The bottom line, for enterotoxemia, the vaccine is often combined with the tetanus toxoid and is called a CD/T vaccine. You should be able to find this on-line at animal supply vendors or place like Tractor Supply, but the BoSe is an Rx drug – so you need a prescription from the vet (for convenience the vet can usually supply both).

Goat Injection Sites

How Should CD/T & BoSe Injections Be Administered?

The label should indicate that one of the three methods below (if both IM and SQ are given as acceptable methods, it’s generally given to goats SQ) should be used for the injection:

Intramuscular (IM): Given deep into the muscle. Generally a needle length of 1” to 1 ½” and gauge of 18 to 20 is used (the larger the gauge, the finer the needle). Drugs administered IM absorb faster that SQ but slower than IV.

Subcutaneous (SQ or subQ): Given under the skin. Needle length of ½” to 1” and a gauge of 18 to 20 is used. Use the “tent” method by pulling up the loose skin in the area of the injection site. Holding the syringe and needle parallel to the body, push the needle through one layer of the skin and administer the medicine into the cavity created by the “tent”.

Intravenous (IV): Administer medication into the vein. It’s sometimes difficult to locate the vein, and this method is not recommended for inexperienced owners.

The normal dosage (per our Vet) for both BoSe and CD/T is 2 cc for each adult injected subcutaneously. See Giving Goats Injections for more on administering drugs to goats via a shot.

CAUTION:One thing to always have on hand when giving goats injections isepinephrine. It can save a goat if it goes into anaphylactic shock from an injection (dosage is 1 cc per 100 lbs.). It’s an Rx drug and is one of the few drugs that are not good beyond its expiration date, and a new bottle is necessary every year (store it in the refrigerator).

If a goat does go into shock, there’s no time to go get the epinephrine, so always have it on hand with a fresh needle and syringe.

Bottle of commercially available Epinephrine

The CD/T annual injection is generally recommended for all adult goats, while the BoSe injection is recommended for goats in selenium-deficient areas and may be needed more frequently than annually (consult with your vet). We now administer Bo-Se more frequently to prevent selenium deficiency. The recommendations for these drugs for goat kids are different and are covered in other posts on this site.

Related posts:

Nigerian Dwarf Goats 101 Update!5 Fatal Goat Diseases To Avoid
Annual CD/T & BoSe Injections for Goats (2024)


How many CDT shots do goats need? ›

All goats should be vaccinated for tetanus and Clostridium C &D (enterotoxemia). A full 8-way clostridial vaccine is used by some but not necessary on most NY farms. When? Two doses about 4 weeks apart, then annual boosters or booster more frequently if heavily fed on grain.

How often should I give BoSe to goats? ›

Remember to supplement with Selenium using BoSe every 4-6 months or a daily oral supplement.

How often do you give goats selenium? ›

Dosage: Newborn - 2 gm Adult - 4 gm To be used once every 30 days. Directions for Use: Selenium and Vitamin E Oral Gel is a unique combination of selenium and vitamin E at levels designed for goats and sheep.

Do you need a prescription for BoSe for goats? ›

BoSe Dosage for Goats and Kids. First, BoSe is available through a prescription only. This means you must get it from a licensed veterinarian.

What does CD&T do for goats? ›

CDT protects healthy sheep and goats against clostridium perfringins type C and D (overeating disease) and clostridium tetani (tetanus).

What is the 5 in 1 vaccine for goats? ›

Clostridial vaccine for protection against Pulpy Kidney, Black Disease, Tetanus, Blackleg and Malignant Oedema in sheep, goats and cattle.

Can goats get too much selenium? ›

Some goats may eat too much and end up with selenium toxicity. Symptoms occur suddenly when the selenium level gets too high and it is usually fatal. Mineral mixes for sheep do not contain copper that goats require. Mixes designed for cattle can be fed to goats if a goat mix is unavailable.

Is too much selenium bad for goats? ›

Check with your veterinarian first, however. If an animal gets too much, they can wind up with selenium toxicity, which can cause neurological disease, colic, diarrhea, heart or respiratory problems.

How much BoSe do I give a goat? ›

When injections are required, they are usually given at birth and again at one month of age (one-half cc IM). Pregnant does usually receive injections four to six weeks before kidding, and bucks usually are vaccinated twice a year. Adult dosage of BoSe is 2- 1/2 cc per 100 lbs bodyweight given IM.

What are signs of selenium deficiency in goats? ›

Signs of selenium deficiency in mature animals include poor reproductive performance, weak or dead offspring and retained placentas. With young animals, Dr. Alice Ennis see's poor growth, depressed immune function and skeletal and cardiac muscle dystrophy.

How often do you give ivermectin to goats? ›

Brainworm (P. tenuis) control requires monthly ivermectin injections, for at least several months of the year (May through November, at least). Ivermectin injections will contribute to intestinal worm resistance. Therefore, other classes of dewormers must be relied upon for internal parasite control, when indicated.

What vitamins do goats need daily? ›

Minerals and Vitamins

Feeding of fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) must be insured in a goat's diet due to its inability to make these vitamins. Rumen flora can make vitamin B in enough quantities needed for goat metabolism. Vitamin C is essential for the immune system to work efficiently.

Can I vaccinate my own goats? ›

Most goatkeepers and farmers become very efficient in injecting their own goats but it is always best if you have never done this before to ask an experienced goatkeeper or your vet to show you how to do this – it can be quite a daunting task to undertake for the first time.

What is the best deworm for goats? ›

The Benzimidazoles (Safeguard®, Panacur®, Valbazen®, Synanthic®), also called “white dewormers” are broad spectrum and safe to use. They are effective against tapeworms. Albendazole is effective against adult liver flukes, but should not be used in pregnant or lactating females.

When to give kid goats a CDT shot? ›

At about six weeks these kids and lambs will begin to lose the immunity that they received from this colostrum. These kids and lambs should receive their first CDT vaccination by the time they are six to eight weeks of age, followed by a booster three to four weeks later.

How often should you deworm goats? ›

April Start CovexinR 8 to kids at 4-6 weeks of age (2 ml subcutaneously). Repeat every 4 weeks until 16 weeks old. Deworm every 4-6 weeks through September. Change to clean pasture at each deworming.

What is the overeating shot for goats? ›

A subcutaneous (under the skin) injection is preferred to an intramuscular (in the muscle) injection, to prevent damage to the carcass. In most cases, a vaccine that combines overeating disease type C and D and tetanus, commonly referred to as CD-T, is sufficient; the 7 and 8-way vaccines are generally not necessary.

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